July 26, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

Chandra Shekhar Azad  sometimes also spelled Chandrasekhar popularly known as by his self-taken name Azad (“The Free”), was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan SinghRajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He often used the pseudonym “Balraj” when signing pamphlets issued as the commander in chief of the HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republic Army) Parents: Jagrani DeviSitaram Tiwari

Nickname: Azad EducationMahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith


23 July 1906
BhavraCentral India AgencyBritish India
27 February 1931 (aged 24)
Allahabad, United Province, British India

With Bhagat Singh :

HSRA pamphlet after Saunder’s murder, signed by Balraj, a pseudonym of Chandrashekhar Azad

The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was formed by Bismil, Chatterji, Sachindra Nath Sanyal Shachindra Nath Bakshi and Ashfaqulla Khan in 1924. In the aftermath of the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the British clamped down on revolutionary activities. Prasad, Ashfaqulla KhanThakur Roshan Singh and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were sentenced to death for their participation. Azad, Keshab Chakravarthy and Murari Sharma evaded capture. Chandra Shekhar Azad later reorganised the HRA with the help of revolutionaries like Sheo Verma and Mahaveer Singh.

How did Chandrashekhar Azad died :


Where did Chandrashekhar Azad died :

Chandrsekhar Azad Park, Prayagraj Chandra Shekhar Azad/Place of deathOn 27 February 1931, Azad was killed in a gunbattle with two police officers at Allahabad’s Alfred Park (the park has since been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park in his honour). After his death, many Congress leaders organised events as a tribute to the freedom fighter.

Early life and career :

Azad was born as on 23 July 1906 in Bhabhra village (town) , in the present-day Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. His forefathers were from Badarka village near Kanpur (in present-day Unnao District). His mother, Jagrani Devi, was the third wife of Sitaram Tiwari, whose previous wives had died young. After the birth of their first son, Sukhdev, in Badarka, the family moved to Alirajpur State.

Revolutionary life :

After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad became more aggressive. He met a young revolutionary, Manmath Nath Gupta, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil who had formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organisation. He then became an active member of the HSRA and started to collect funds for HRA. Most of the fund collection was through robberies of government property. He was involved in the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, in the attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India‘s train in 1926, and at last, the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Who is the father of Chandrashekhar Azad :

Sitaram Tiwari

Jawaharlal Nehru however in his autobiography criticized Azad and accused him of having a ‘fascist mindset’.

Who killed Azad :

End of Azad & the HSRAOn 27 February 1931, Azad was killed in a gunbattle with two police officers at Allahabad’s Alfred Park (the park has since been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park in his honour).

What is the slogan of Chandra Shekhar Azad :

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre , that left hundreds of unarmed innocent people dead, lead to a profound effect on Chandra Shekhar Azad that made him use this slogan and fight for his country. Not a single sigh of relief did our freedom fighters took till they freed their motherland from the claws of British Government.

I am from a religion that teaches freedom, equality and brotherhood. Still, whose blood is not opened, it is not water, which does not work for the country, it is useless youth.