GOLDEN TEMPLE .

July 30, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

The Darbār Sahib, meaning “exalted court”  or Harmandir Sahib, meaning “abode of God” also known as Golden Temple, is a Gurdwara located in the city of AmritsarPunjab, India. It is the preeminent spiritual site of Sikhism.

The Gurdwara is built around a man-made pool (sarovar) that was completed by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das in 1577. Guru Arjan, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, requested Sai Mir Mian Mohammed, a Muslim Pir of Lahore, to lay its foundation stone in 1589.

Harmandir Sahib
Golden Temple
Religion
AffiliationSikhism
Location
LocationAmritsar
StatePunjab
CountryIndia
Golden TempleShown within PunjabShow map of PunjabShow map of IndiaShow map of AsiaShow all
Geographic coordinates31°37′12″N 74°52′37″ECoordinates31°37′12″N 74°52′37″E
Architecture
GroundbreakingDecember 1581
Completed1589 (Temple), 1604 (with Adi Granth) 
Website
Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee Official Website

History :

Interior of Darbar Sahib with gold encrusted walls featuring a golden chandelier

According to the Sikh historical records, the land that became Amritsar and houses the Harimandar Sahib was chosen by Guru Amar Das – the third Guru of the Sikh tradition. It was then called Guru Da Chakk, after he had asked his disciple Ram Das to find land to start a new town with a man-made pool as its central point.

Construction :

Maharaja Ranjit Singh listening to Guru Granth Sahib being recited near the Akal Takht and Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Guru Ram Das acquired the land for the site. Two versions of stories exist on how he acquired this land. In one, based on a Gazetteer record, the land was purchased with Sikh donations of 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. In another version, Emperor Akbar is stated to have donated the land to the wife of Guru Ram Das.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh listening to Guru Granth Sahib being recited near the Akal Takht and Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Ranjit Singh era reconstruction :

An 1880 photograph of the Golden Temple, sacred pool and the nearby buildings. The walled courtyard and entrances were added later.

Ranjit Singh founded the nucleus of the Sikh Empire at the age of 21 with help of Sukerchakia Misl forces he inherited and those of his mother-in-law Rani Sada Kaur. In 1802, at age 22, he took Amritsar from the Bhangi Sikh misl, paid homage at the Golden Temple and announced that he would renovate and rebuild it with marble and gold.

An 1880 photograph of the Golden Temple, sacred pool and the nearby buildings. The walled courtyard and entrances were added later.

Sikh history museums :

The main ghanta ghar deori north entrance has a Sikh history museum on the first floor, according to the Sikh tradition. The display shows various paintings, of gurus and martyrs, many narrating the persecution of Sikhs over their history, as well as historical items such as swords, kartar, comb, chakkars. A new underground museum near the clock tower, but outside the temple courtyard also shows Sikh history.

Left: Ramgarhia Bunga watchtowers to protect the Golden temple, Right: An 1860s photo of the Golden Temple during the colonial British era with the under-construction Gothicclock tower (which was later demolished on extreme right-side.