July 22, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist revolutionary whose two acts of dramatic violence against the British in India and execution at age 23 made him a folk hero of the Indian independence movement.

Born: 28 September 1907,  Banga, PakistanDied:  23 March 1931,  Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, PakistanSiblings:  Bibi Parkash KaurBibi Amar Kaur,  Kultar Singh,  MOREEducationDAV College Managing Committee (1916–1917), National College, LahoreParents:  Sardar Kishan Singh SandhuVidyavati.

Bhagat Singh Quotes :

“Zindgi to apne damm par hi jiyi jati hey..dusro k kandhe par tohh shirf janaje uthaye jate hey.”
― Bhagat Singh

Early life :

Bhagat Singh, a Sandhu Jat,  was born in 1907 to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati at Chak No. 105 GB, Banga village, Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India present day Pakistan. His birth coincided with the release of his father and two uncles, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh, from jail. His family members were Hindus and Sikhs; some had been active in Indian Independence movements, others had served in Maharaja Ranjit Singh‘s army. His ancestral village was Khatkar Kalan, near the town of Banga, India in Nawanshahr district (now renamed Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar) of the Punja.

My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.

In this historical photograph of students and staff of National College, Lahore, Singh can be seen standing fourth from the right.

Legacy and memorials

See also: Hussainiwala National Martyrs MemorialSingh on a 1968 stamp of India

Bhagat Singh remains a significant figure in Indian iconography to the present day. His memory, however, defies categorisation and presents problems for various groups that might try to appropriate it. Pritam Singh, a professor who has specialised in the study of federalism, nationalism and development in India.

Bhagat Singh became a popular folk hero after his death. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote about him, “Bhagat Singh did not become popular because of his act of terrorism but because he seemed to vindicate, for the moment, the honour of Lala Lajpat Rai, and through him of the nation. He became a symbol; the act was forgotten, the symbol remained, and within a few months each town and village of the Punjab, and to a lesser extent in the rest of northern India, resounded with his name.

Bhagat was a prominent member of the HRA and was probably responsible, in large part, for its change of name to HSRA in 1928. The HSRA vowed to avenge Rai’s death. Singh conspired with revolutionaries like Shivaram RajguruSukhdev Thapar, and Chandrashekhar Azad to kill Scott. However, in a case of mistaken identity, the plotters shot John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, as he was leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore on 17 December 1928.

Who was hanged on 14th Feb :

The activists, while paying tributes to Bhagat SinghRajguru and Sukhdev, claimed that the trio was awarded death sentence in the Lahore conspiracy case on February 14, 1931 though they were hanged on March 23 that year.

Why Bhagat Singh was hanged :

Singh, 23, was hanged by British rulers on March 23, 1931 in Lahore, after being tried under charges for hatching a conspiracy against the colonial government. The case was filed against Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru for allegedly killing British police officer John P Saunders.