Its 52 districts State: Madhya Pradesh – ๐Ÿ’“ Heart of India๐Ÿ’“

August 15, 2020 By Poonam Kushwaha
Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh (MP) state is situated in central India and is a part of the peninsular platue of India. The state is bordered in the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, to its southeast lies Chhattisgarh, to its south lies Maharashtra, to its West lies Gujarat and to its northwest lies Rajasthan. The Narmada Sone valley defines its topography.

The state retains landmarks from different eras of Indian history. Sites such as Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Pachmarhi, Raisen, Jaora etc. stand witness to the prehistoric period. Dynastic history dates back to Ashoka, the Kushans, and then the Satvahanas. Post independence, a large number of princely states were reorganised to form the present day Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh is positioned in the heart of India and spans an area of 308,000 kmยฒIt is the second largest state in India. Bhopal is the capital city, but Indore is the largest city. It has a population of over 7 crores as per 2011 census, ranking it sixth among Indian states in terms of population.

Madhya Pradesh contributes to India’s mineral production in a large way.

Hindi is a standard language spoken in Madhya Pradesh. Besides that, people also speak various of the regional dialects Malvi is spoken in Malwa, Nimadi is spoken in Nimar, Bundeli is spoken in Bundelkhand and Bagheli is spoken in Bagelkhand and in the southeastern areas of the state. Other languages spoken are Telugu, Gondi, Bhilodi (Bhili), Korku, Nihali (Nahali) and Kalto (Nahali), which the tribal groups speak. Because the Marathas had ruled this place, a substantial number of people speak Marathi hereto and since Gujarat is very close to the state, many people are familiar with Gujarati.

Kamasutra Temples.

The 51 districts of Madhya Pradesh are grouped into ten divisions – Bhopal, Chambal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Narmadapuram, Rewa, Sagar, Shahdol, and Ujjain. Agar-Malwa became the 51st district of Madhya Pradesh (split from Shajapur district) as per the decision taken by the state government. It started functioning from 16 August 2013, covering 2,785 sq km and having a population of about 4,80,000

A number of national highways run through the state. Some of them are NH3, NH 44, NH 12, NH 12A, NH 25, NH 26, NH 26A, NH 26B, NH 27, NH 59 A, and many more.


Major rivers flowing through Madhya Pradesh are Betwa, Chambal, Dhasan Ken, Mahi, Narmada Parbati, Son Tapi (Tapti), Tons, Wainganga, and wardha. The narrow and long Narmada-Son valley runs almost through the entire state from east to west making the area fit for agricultural activities. The Central Highlands and the Satpura-Maikal ranges contribute in dividing the state into three physiogeographic regions. Madhya Pradesh, like other parts of India, has three major seasons – summer, monsoon and winter.

Madhya Pradesh is also known as the ‘Tiger State’ and has 6 wild life Sanctuaries and Reserves. If you do not want to miss out the Reserves in Madhya Pradesh then you should plan your trip to the state in between October and June which is the best time to visit otherwise the reserves remain closed during the monsoon season.

Madhya Pradesh State Information Below:
Date of formation:01/11/56
Governor:Lalji Tandon
Chief Minister:Kamal Nath
Tourist attractions:Sanchi Stupa, Gwalior Fort, Orchha Fort, Khajuraho, Ujjain
Festivals:Gana-Gour, Ganga, Dashami, Hareli
Major dance and music forms:Gaur Dance, Muria Dance, Relo Songs
Arts and crafts:Wall paintings or bhitti chitras; Chippa bagh or hand-block printers; battubai dolls.
Size:308,245 sq. km
Population (Census 2011):72597565
Rivers:Narmada, Tapti, Betwa, Son, Chambal
Forests and wildlife sanctuaries:Bandhavgarh NP, Kanha NP, Pench NP, Indrawati Tiger Reserve, Kheoni WS
State animal:Swamp Deer
State bird:Paradise flycatcher
Major crops:Rice, wheat soybeans, spices
Factoids:One half of Bhawani Mandi station on the Mumbai- Delhi railway line lies in Madhya Pradesh and the other half lies in Rajasthan.
 Pench and Kanha forests in the Satpura ranges, and Bandhavgarh in the Vindhyas, are all tiger reserves.
No. of District:51

An Art that Speaks Richness in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh:

Art is something that speaks so much about an artist’s creativity and notion, whether it’s painstaking or elementary. If we talk of zari-zardozi, then this art has so much to celebrate and learn from. Considered quite popular amongst embroiders and designers, it survives in the narrow alleys of the old town of Bhopal. The art has revived a lot over the years all thanks to the contribution of local artists who showcase the best possible facet of the craft at the exhibitions, and fashion houses that are introducing it in their clothing and decor range.

Zardozi comes from the Persian term which means ’embroidering with gold threads’. In this embroidery, gold coils and beads are tucked onto fabric using a needle and thread. Metals like gold and silver are transformed into a zari or taar that is used to adorn motifs onto rich fabrics like silk, velvet, organza, chiffon, etc.  It is broadly said that the Begums of Bhopal gave this ancient craft a huge push by educating and motivating employees about the intricate art. They themselves used the batuas to put currency, cloves and other personal belongings. The royal dresses were also made using the delicate work of zardozi on opulent fabrics.

The traditional zardozi pouches have become famous with the name of “Bhopali Batuas”. It’s considered the best souvenir that a tourist can take as a token of remembrance. You can find many shops in the old city market but in case you are in a hurry and can’t roam around the narrow streets of the old Bhopal then MP State owned Marignayni Emporiumsin New Market and Gauhar Mahal, Bhopal are the most convenient options to shop native souvenirs like Chanderi, Maheshwari, Silk and Zardozi items much quicker and all under one roof.

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