JAWAHARLAL NEHRU INDIA’S FIRST PRIME MINISTER .

July 25, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

Jawaharlal Nehru

Former Prime Minister of India

Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian independence activist and, subsequently, the first Prime Minister of India, as well as a central figure in Indian politics both before and after independence.

Born: 14 November 1889, PrayagrajDied: 27 May 1964, New DelhiSpouseKamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)ChildrenIndira GandhiAwardsBharat Ratna.

GET THE BOOK OF NEHRU AND GET INFORMED ABOUT IT .

What is Nehru famous for :

On 15 August 1947, Nehru became the first prime minister of independent India. He held the post until his death in 1964. He implemented moderate socialist economic reforms and committed India to a policy of industrialisation. Nehru also served as foreign minister of India.

Did Nehru give himself Bharat Ratna :

Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. However, this claim is not completely true as the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad confessed to have decided to confer this award on Nehru suo motu.

Is Nehru a Hindu :

Birth and family backgroundJawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India. … His mother, Swarup Rani Thussu (1868–1938), who came from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahore, was Motilal’s second wife, the first having died in childbirth.

How many years Nehru ruled India :

Although there is no clear data in regards to the years Nehru ruled in India, but it is estimated that he has ruled in this country for 20–24 years.

Nehru in a procession at PeshawarNorth-West Frontier Province, 14 October 1937.

The Nehru family c. 1890s.

Youth

Nehru became an ardent nationalist during his youth.The Second Boer War and the Russo-Japanese War intensified his feelings. About the latter he wrote, “[The] Japanese victories [had] stirred up my enthusiasm.… Nationalistic ideas filled my mind.… I mused of Indian freedom and Asiatic freedom from the thraldom of Europe.” Later, when he had begun his institutional schooling in 1905 at Harrow, a leading school in England, he was greatly influenced by G. M. Trevelyan‘s Garibaldi books, which he had received as prizes for academic merit. He viewed Garibaldi as a revolutionary hero. He wrote: “Visions of similar deeds in India came before, of [my] gallant fight for [Indian] freedom and in my mind India and Italy got strangely mixed together.”

Prime Minister of India (1947–1964)

Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay GandhiTeen Murti Bhavan, Nehru’s residence as Prime Minister, now a museum in his memory

Nehru served as prime minister for 18 years, first as the interim prime minister and from 1950 as the prime minister of the republic of India.

Pakistan Resolution, August Offer, civil disobedience: 1940

In March 1940, Muhammad Ali Jinnah passed what would come to be known as the Pakistan Resolution, declaring that “Muslims are a nation according to any definition of a nation, and they must have their homelands, their territory and their State.” This state was to be known as Pakistan, meaning ‘Land of the Pure’. Nehru angrily declared that “all the old problems.

Independence

He took office as the Prime Minister of India on 15 August, and delivered his inaugural address titled “Tryst with Destiny“.

Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”