KARGIL WAR – STORY OF OUR BRAVE SOLDIERSJuly 26, 2020
The Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC). The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers disguised as Kashmiri militants into positions on the Indian side of the LOC, which serves as the de facto border between the two states.
Conflicts Of War
On July 26 about 19 years ago the Indian Army recaptured all the Indian posts in Kargil that had been occupied by Pakistan’s army. Since then, July 26 has been observed annually to commemorate the sacrifices made by soldiers in this war.
Things to know about Kargil War
- The war took place between May and July of 1999 in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kargil district.
- The conflict is believed to have been orchestrated by the then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf without the knowledge of the then Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
- It began with the infiltration of both Pakistani troops and terrorists into Indian territory.
- The infiltrators positioned themselves in key locations that gave them a strategic advantage during the start of the conflict.
- Based on information from local shepherds, the Indian Army was able to ascertain the points of incursion and launch “Operation Vijay”.
The Kargil War
- Because the Pakistani soldiers and terrorists had positioned themselves at higher altitudes, it gave them an advantage in combat, as they could fire down at advancing Indian troops.
- Pakistan shot down two Indian fighter jets while another fighter jet crashed during the operation.
- Pakistan asked the US to intervene, but then President Bill Clinton declined to do so until Pakistani troops were withdrawn from the Line of Control.
- As Pakistani troops withdrew, the Indian armed forces attacked the rest of the outposts, managing to get back the last of them by July 26.
After the Victory of Kargil War
- Pakistan initially denied any role in the conflict, saying India was facing off with “Kashmiri freedom fighters.” However, it later awarded its soldiers medals for the conflict, removing any doubt of its involvement.
- India increased its defence spending in the budget presented the year after the Kargil war, but it also resulted in procurement irregularities, like the one in the purchase of coffins for the soldiers who died in combat.
How many Soldiers died in Kargil War?
The Kargil war lasted for nearly three months, killed more than 500 Indian and nearly 400 Pakistani soldiers, and ended with India successfully pushing back Pakistani fighters to the other side of the LOC.
Indian didn’t divert all its strength on the Kargil war as it was not a full-fledged war. Mean while India had to see that it doesn’t lose many of its men also. So the surveillance materials of Israel were extensively used and this helped Indian Army to restrict the Pakistani force and push them back behind the border.
- Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav, 18 Grenadiers, Param Vir Chakra.
- Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey, 1/11 Gorkha Rifles, Param Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Captain Vikram Batra, 13 JAK Rifles, Param Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, 13 JAK Rifles, Param Vir Chakra.
- Captain Anuj Nayyar, 17 JAT Regiment, Maha Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Major Rajesh Singh Adhikari, 18 Grenadiers, Maha Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Captain Haneef-u-ddin, 11 Rajputana Rifles, Vir Chakra, posthumous.
- Major Mariappan Saravanan, 1 Bihar, Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Squadron Leader Ajay Ahuja, Indian Air Force, Vir Chakra, Posthumous.
- Hawaldar Chuni Lal, 8 JAK LI, Vir Chakra. Also awarded Sena Medal for gallantry and posthumously awarded Ashok Chakra as a Naib Subedar.
Weapons used in Kargil War
The Indian artillery fired over 2,50,000 shells, bombs and rockets during the Kargil conflict. Approximately 5,000 artillery shells, mortar bombs and rockets were fired daily from 300 guns, mortars and MBRLs while 9,000 shells were fired the day Tiger Hill was regained.