National Stock Exchange of India 1 st GREATEST MARKET IN ASIA.

December 17, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

National Stock Exchange of India’s Logo :-

National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) logo.svg

National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India, located in MumbaiMaharashtra. NSE was established in 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in the country. NSE was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered easy trading facilities to investors spread across the length and breadth of the country. Vikram Limaye is Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer of NSE.

How India's National Stock Exchange Fosters a Culture of Investment -  Knowledge@Wharton

History :

NSE was set up by a group of leading Indian financial institutions at the behest of the Government of India to bring transparency to the Indian capital market. Based on the recommendations laid out by the Pherwani committee, NSE was established with a diversified shareholding comprising domestic and global investors. The key domestic investors include Life Insurance CorporationState Bank of IndiaIFCI Limited , IDFC Limited and Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited. Key global investors include Gagil FDI Limited, GS Strategic Investments Limited, SAIF II SE Investments Mauritius Limited, Aranda Investments (Mauritius) Pte Limited and PI Opportunities Fund.


This article is about National Stock Exchange of India. For NSE EMERGE, see NSE EMERGE.

NSE EMERGE is NSE’s new initiative for Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) & Startup companies in India.  These companies can get listed on NSE without an Initial public offering (IPO). This platform will help SME’s & Startups connect with investors and help them with the raising of funds. In August 2019, the 200th company listed on NSE’s SME platform

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Markets :

NSE offers trading and investment in the following segments

NSE building at BKC, Mumbai.

How many national stock exchanges are there in India :

There are two major stock exchanges in India. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).

What is the index for NSE :

Live Indices Watch

IndexCurrent52w High
Broad Market Indices :
NIFTY 5013,513.8513,579.35
NIFTY NEXT 5031,928.8032,066.20
NIFTY 10013,647.9013,707.90
History of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) & How Share Trading Started in  India? - YouTube

What are the 50 stocks of Nifty :

Nifty 50 Companies – Constituents of Nifty 50 by Weights – 2020

1.Reliance Industries Ltd.14.00%
2.HDFC Bank Ltd.9.56%
3.Infosys Ltd.7.56%
4.Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd.6.59%

Which is better NSE or BSE :

The volumes of shares is generally higher on the NSE, which means if you are selling sizeable quantities the NSE could be a better proposition. It is almost impossible to get similar prices on both the exchanges. … Also, some shares are not traded on the NSE, which will force you to buy or sell the shares on the BSE

Equity :

Equity Derivatives :

In August 2008, currency derivatives were introduced in India with the launch of Currency Futures in USD–INR by NSE. It also added currency futures in Euros, Pounds, and Yen. The average daily turnover in the F&O Segment of the Exchange on 20 June 2013 stood at ₹419.2616 billion (US$5.9 billion) in futures and ₹273.977 billion (US$3.8 billion) in options, respectively.

Live Market :

Indians have a love-hate relationship with stock markets, says CEO of  Asia's first stock exchange — Quartz India

Stock market crashes in India :

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Since the founding of the Bombay stock exchangestock markets in India, particularly in Mumbai (BSE and NSE) have seen a number of booms as well as crashes.

The crash of 1865 :

As per the Business Standard, India experienced its first stock market crash in 1865.  Although the Bombay stock exchange had not yet been formed, Gujarati and Parsi traders often traded shares mutually at the junction of Rampart row and Meadows street. In the preceding years, speculation about the results of the American civil war had led to irrational increases of stocks of new Indian companies.

Crash of 1982 :

In 1982,the bear cartel of Bengal started short selling shares targeted primarily of Reliance. Stocks around 11,00,000 was short sold. The value of shares decreased significantly. The BSE was shut down for 3 consecutive days.

Crash of 1991 :

After economic liberalisation in India in 1991, the stock market saw a number of cycles of booms and busts, some related to scams such as those engineered by players such as Harshad Mehta and Ketan Parekh, some due to global events and a few due to circular trading, rigging of prices and the irrational exuberance of investors leading to bubbles that finally burst.

Crash of 1992 :

On 28 April 1992, the BSE experienced a fall of 12.77% – due to the Harshad Mehta scam

Harshad Mehta

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Harshad Shantilal Mehta was an Indian stockbroker. Mehta’s involvement in the 1992 Indian securities scam made him infamous as a market manipulator.  Although, as reported by Economic Times, some financial experts believe that Harshad Mehta didn’t commit any fraud; he simply exploited loop holes in the system.

Harshad Mehta.jpg
Harshad Mehta
Born29 July 1954
Paneli MotiRajkot (now in Gujarat), India
Died31 December 2001 (aged 47)
Thane, Maharashtra, India
OccupationBusinessman, stockbroker
Criminal penalty5 years rigorous imprisonme

Of the 27 criminal charges brought against him, he was only convicted of four, before his death (by sudden heart attack) at age 47 in 2001.[3] It was alleged that Mehta engaged in a massive stock manipulation scheme financed by worthless bank receipts, which his firm brokered for “ready forward” transactions between banks.

UPA 1 Election Crash of 2004 :

On 17 May 2004, the BSE fell 15.52% – its largest fall in history (in terms of percentage) due to the election win by Indian National Congress and Left and Loss of NDA.

Crash of 2006 :

On 18 May 2006, the BSE Sensex fell by 826 points to 11,391.

Crashes of 2007 :

During the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the stock markets in India fell on several occasions in 2007 as well as 2008. In 2007, there were five sharp falls in the stock markets.

Crash of 2008 :

on 21 Jan 2008, the BSE fell by 1408 points to 17,605 leading to one of the largest erosions in investor wealth. The BSE stopped trading for a while at 2:30 pm due to a technical snag although its circuit filter allows swings of up to 15% before stopping trading for an hour.

Crash of 2009 :

On 6 July 2009, the Sensex fell by 869 points to 14,043.

Crash of year 2015 :

  • On 6 Jan 2015, the Sensex fell by 854 points to 26,987

Crash of 2016 :

The stock markets in India continued to fall in 2016.The fall was concurrent with falls in other Asian stock markets including the Hang SengNikkei and the Shanghai Composite. The S&P had also fallen by 4.45%.

Crash of 2018 :

  • Although not classified as a crash, the BSE and NSE fell sharply on 2 and 5 February 2018, sparked by the comments of the Finance minister’s proposal in the budget speech to introduce a 10% long term capital gains tax (LTCG) on equity shares sold after 12 months.

Crash of 2020 :

On 1 February 2020, as the FY 2020-21 Union budget was presented in the lower house of the Indian parliament, Nifty fell by over 3% (373.95 points) while Sensex fell by more than 2% (987.96 points). The fall was also weighed by the global breakdown amid coronavirus pandemic centered in China

NSE Emerge :

NSE EMERGE  is the National Stock Exchange of India‘s new iniative for small and medium-sized enterprises and startup companies from India.These companies can get listed on NSE without Initial public offering (IPO). 

TypeStock exchange
LocationMumbai, India
OwnerNational Stock Exchange of India Limited
CurrencyIndian rupee (₹)
No. of listings200 (Sept 2019)[1]