July 25, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

President of India (1)Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad (राजेन्द्र प्रसाद)

Former President of India :

Rajendra Prasad was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962. He was an Indian political leader and lawyer by training.

Born: 3 December 1884, ZiradeiDied: 28 February 1963, PatnaPrime MinisterJawaharlal NehruAwardsBharat RatnaEducationPresidency UniversityUniversity of CalcuttaMORE.

Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first President of India, …Vice President‎: ‎Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanDied‎: ‎28 February 1963 (aged 78); ‎Patna, Bihar‎, …Political party‎: ‎Indian National CongressAwards‎: ‎Bharat Ratna‎ (1962)

Early life :

Rajendra Prasad  was a landholding & rich Kayastha Hindu and born in Zeradai, in the Siwan district of Bihar. His father, Mahadev Sahai, was a scholar of both Sanskrit and Persian languages. His mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout woman who would tell stories from the Ramayana and Mahabharata to her son. He was the youngest child and had one elder brother and three elder sisters. His mother died when he was a child and his elder sister then took care of him.

Student life :

When Prasad was five years old, his parents placed him under the tutelage of a Maulavi, an accomplished Muslim scholar, to learn the Persian languageHindi and arithmetic. After the completion of traditional elementary education, he was sent to the Chapra District School. Meanwhile, in June 1896, at an early age of 12, he was married to Rajavanshi Devi. He, along with his elder brother, Mahendra Prasad, then went to study at T.K. Ghosh’s Academy in Patna for a period of two years. He secured first in the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta and was awarded Rs. 30 per month as a scholarship.

Career :

As a teacher

(Sitting L to R) Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi‘s 1917 Champaran DJ Satyagraha

Rajendra Prasad served in various educational institutions as a teacher. After completing his M.A in economics, he became a professor of English at the Langat Singh College of Muzaffarpur in Bihar and went on to become the principal. However, later on he left the college to undertake legal studies and entered the Ripon College, Calcutta (now the Surendranath Law College). In 1909, while pursuing his law studies in Kolkata he also worked as Professor of Economics at Calcutta City College. In 1915, Prasad appeared in the examination of Masters in Law, passed the examination and won a gold medal. He completed his Doctorate in Law from Allahabad University in 1937.

(Sitting L to R) Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi‘s 1917 Champaran DJ Satyagraha.

Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai, and Rajendra Prasad (centre) at the AICC Session, April 1939.

Literary contributions :

Prasad painting as Congress president by Swamy (1948) issue of Chandamama magazine

  • Satyagraha at Champaran (1922)
  • Division of India (1946, online)
  • Atmakatha (1946), his autobiography written during his 3-year prison term in Bankipur Jail
  • Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences(1949)
  • Bapu Ke Kadmon Mein (1954)
  • Since Independence (published in 1960)
  • Bharatiya Shiksha
  • At the feet of Mahatma Gandhi

How Dr Rajendra Prasad died :

Later Life and DeathHowever, in 1962, Prasad lost his beloved wife Rajavanshi Devi, and this poignant incident deteriorated his health to a considerable extent. He spent the last few months of his life in the Sadaqat Ashram of Patna and breathed his last on 28 February 1963.

Where did Dr Rajendra Prasad died :

Patna Rajendra Prasad / Place of death

External links :

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