RAM MANDIR – EPIC DAY IN INDIAN HISTORYAugust 5, 2020
Ram, considered an incarnation of god Vishnu, is a widely worshiped Hindu deity. According to the ancient Indian epic, Rama was born in Ayodhya. This became known as Rama Janmabhoomi. He was born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya, the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala. His siblings included Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. Rama got married to Sita.
Who destroyed Ram temple in Ayodhya?
In 1528 A.D. Babur came to Ayodhya and halted here for a week. He destroyed the ancient temple and on its site built a mosque, still known as Babur’s mosque.
Ram Mandir in Ayodhya
According to the Hindu belief, the site of the now-demolished Babri Mosque in Ayodhya is the exact birthplace of Rama. The Babri mosque is believed to have been constructed during 1528-29 by a certain ‘Mir Baqi’ (possibly Baqi Tashqandi), who was a commander of the Mughal emperor Babur. In fact Babri Masjid was just a built on the same walls by constructing a tomb over the walls of temple.
Proof that Mandir was built
- In almost all the temples of the 12th and 13th centuries, you get ‘Purna Kalasha’ at the base. It is the structure of Ghada (water pitcher) from which foliage would be coming out. It is the symbol of prosperity in Hinduism and is known as ‘Asht-Mangala Chinha’-one of the eight auspicious symbols
- If you go to Quwwatul Islam mosque near Qutub Minar. The mosque was also made of the spoils of 27 temples. There is evidence for this as well. There is a book called Taj-ul-Masir written by Hassan Nizami, a contemporary historian. He says that temples were destroyed and a mosque was constructed out of it.
- Similar things were there in Babri mosque also. There were no gods and goddesses but ‘Asht-Mangala Chinhas’ were there. So on the basis of these they declared the belief of Mandir.
Interesting facts About Ram Mandir
- In the 17th and 18th century travelers and foreing emissaries like William Finch, Thomas Erbert and Joseph Tieffenthaler visiting India noted the reverence for Ayodhya among Hindus.
- Sawai Jai Singh, the ruler of Amer, had acquired the land of Ram Janmasthan in Ayodhya in 1717. The ownership of the land was vested in the deity. Muslim rulers had earlier prevented people from taking a ritual bath in the Sarayu river, this limitation was removed.
- In 1858, as per a report of thanedar of Oudh, Fakir Singh Khalasa, a Nihang Sikh, conducted a Havan and Puja inside the Rama’s Janmasthan and erected a symbol of Sri Bhagwan in the premises. It is said that he had raised the height of the already existing Ram Chabutra there.
- In 1949, idols of Ram Lalla were placed under central dome outside the disputed structure. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru ordered its removal, But the local officials K.K.Nair refused to carry out orders,claming that it would lead to communal riots.
- In 1959, Nirmohi Akhara filed a suit seeking possession of the Masjid site. In 1961, almost 12 years after the idols were placed inside the premises, U.P.Sunni central WAQF Board filed a suit to claim the ownership of the site.
- In 2010, Allahabad High Court ruled a three-way division of disputed area between SUNNI WAQF Boarder, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla in a 2:1 majority for Hindus. Supreme court stayed this order.
- On 9th November, 2019 the Supreme court of India found the faith of Hindus, that lord Rama was born at the site, as undisputed and granted the entire 2.77 acre of disputed land in Ayodhya.
Ram Mandir Design
- Ram Temple in Ayodhya will be 161 feet tall. Original design prepared in 1988 mentioned the height as 141 feet.
- Two mandaps have been added. All pillars, stones that were carved based on the earlier design will still be used. Temple will have five doomed mandap and one shikhar.
- Number of pillars in the temple are 360. Total number of floors will be 3. Width of the stairs will be 16 feet.
- Nagar style Temple has been designed by keeping in mind Shilpa Shastra specs. 4 more smaller Temples will surround the main structure.4 more smaller Temples will surround the main structure.
- 2 lakh brick with Shri Ram inscribed to form the foundation of the Temple. Stones from Banshi mountains in Rajasthan will be used.
- Construction will take 3.5 years. Estimated cost of construction is Rs 300 crore.