Subhas Chandra Bose

July 25, 2020 By Swapnil Suryawanshi

Subhas Chandra Bose

Political leader

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.


Born: 23 January 1897,  CuttackDied: 18 August 1945,  Taipei, TaiwanNickname: NetajiSpouseEmilie Schenkl (m. 1937–1945)EducationScottish Church College (1918)

Cause of death‎: ‎Third-degree burns from ‎aircrashMother‎: ‎Prabhavati DuttFather‎: ‎Janakinath BoseKnown for‎: ‎Indian nationalism.


1897–1921: Early life

Subhas Bose, standing, extreme right, with his family of 14 siblings in Cuttack, ca. 1905

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 (at 12.10 pm) in CuttackOrissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate belonging to a Kayastha[ac] family. He was the ninth in a family of 14 children. His family was well to do.

What is Subhas Chandra Bose known for :

Subhas Chandra Bose (also called Netaji) is known for his role in India’s independence movement. A participant of the noncooperation movement and a leader of the Indian National Congress, he was part of the more militant wing and known for his advocacy of socialist policies.


Emilie Schenklm. 1937–1945

Subhas Chandra Bose Wife


Emilie Schenkl was the wife of Subhas Chandra Bose—a major leader of Indian nationalism—and the mother of their daughter, Anita Bose Pfaff. Schenkl, an Austrian, and her baby daughter were left without support in wartime Europe by Bose, following his departure for Southeast Asia in February 1943 and death in 1945.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Spouse(s)Emilie Schenkl
ChildrenAnita Bose Pfaff
MotherPrabhavati Dutt
FatherJanakinath Bose

What is the famous dialogue of Subhash Chandra :

Inspirational Quotes of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose“The secret of political bargaining is to look more strong than what you really are.” “One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.” “Give me blood and I will give you freedom!”

18 August 1945: Death

Main article: Death of Subhash Chandra Bose

(left) The last aeroplane journeys of Subhas Chandra Bose; flight paths: blue (completed), red (not completed); (right) A memorial to Subhas Chandra Bose in the Renkōji Temple, Tokyo. Bose’s ashes are stored in the temple in a golden pagoda

The qualities of Subhash Chandra Bose are :

  • He was brave and a great freedom fighter. …
  • He was a great diplomat. …
  • He was patriot of patriots. …
  • He was a brilliant student and intellectual and cleared the Civil Service exam in his first attempt. …
  • He believed Bhagwat Gita as a source of Inspiration.

Legacy :

Bose was featured on the stamps in India from 1964, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2016 and 2018. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Kolkata, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Island, formerly Ross Island and many other institutions in India are named after him. On 23 August 2007, Japanese Prime MinisterShinzō Abe visited the Subhas Chandra Bose memorial hall in Kolkata. Abe said to Bose’s family “The Japanese are deeply moved by Bose’s strong will to have led the Indian independence movement from British rule. Netaji is a much respected name in Japan.

Who is Subhash Chandra Bose in short note :

Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.

1941–1943: Nazi Germany

Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose

(left) Bose with Heinrich Himmler, the Nazi Minister of Interior, head of the SS, and the Gestapo, 1942; (right) Subhas Bose meeting Adolf Hitler

Bose’s arrest and subsequent release set the scene for his escape to Germany, via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union. A few days before his escape, he sought solitude and, on this pretext, avoided meeting British guards and grew a beard. Late night 16 January 1941, the night of his escape, he dressed as a Pathan (brown long coat, a black fez-type coat and broad pyjamas) to avoid being identified. Bose escaped from under British surveillance from his Elgin Road house in Calcutta on the night of 17 January 1941, accompanied by his nephew Sisir Kumar Bose, later reaching Gomoh Railway Station in the then state of Bihar, India.

trusted friend of Akbar Shah’s. On 26 January 1941, Bose began his journey to reach Russia through British India‘s North West frontier with Afghanistan. For this reason, he enlisted the help of Mian Akbar Shah, then a Forward Bloc leader in the North-West Frontier Province. 

See also

How did Subhas Chandra Bose die :

Subhas Chandra Bose reportedly died in a Japanese hospital in Taiwan from burn injuries on August 18, 1945, as a result of a plane crash while fleeing Southeast Asia, days after World War II ended with the surrender of Japan (which had been supporting Bose and his liberation army).