The 12 Districts – Beautiful Himachal Pradesh.August 28, 2020
The history of Himachal Pradesh dates back to ancient times and was inhabited by tribes such as Dagis, Khasas, Koilis, Halis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Kinnars and Kirats. Around 883 AD some parts of the state were under the control of the king of Kashmir, Sankar Varma.
Around 1009 AD, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded the region. Rajputs exercised influence over the region in around 1043. During the time of the Mughals Empire, many kingdoms in the region accepted the authority of the Mughals.
By 1804, vast regions of the state passed into the hands of Sikh emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Many regions of the state also witnessed Gorkha rule. The region finally passed into the hands of the British who ruled it till 1947 when it became a part of independent India.
In the year 1950, Himachal Pradesh was declared a Union Territory of India. Later on, however, with the passing of Himachal Pradesh Act of 1971, it emerged as the eighteenth state of India.
The word ‘Hima’ actually means snow in Sanskrit terminology. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminent Sanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh named the state.
The twelve Districts Of Himachal Pradesh are listed as below:
- Lahul and Spiti
Himachal Pradesh State Information
|Date of formation||25/01/71|
|Chief Minister||Shri Jai Ram Thakur|
|Tourist attractions||Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamsala|
|Major dance and music forms||Mala dance, Rakshas Dance|
|Arts and crafts.||Pahari painting is done in the Basohli and Kangra styles; Kullu shawls and woollen caps are famous; the Chamba Rumal has Kangra style paintings embroidered on cloth.|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri, Pahari|
|Size||55,673 sq. km|
|Rivers||Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Yamuna|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Pin Valley NP, Greater Himalayan NP, Renuka WS, Chail WS, Kalatope Khajjiar WS|
|State animal||Snow leopard|
|State bird||Western tragopan|
|State flower||Pink rhododendron|
|Major crops||Wheat, rice, maize, barley|
|Factoids||The world’s oldest democracy is believed to be a tiny, isolated village called Malana.|
|Shimla was the summer capital of british India.|
|No. of District||12|
Administration in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts. The head of each of the districts is a Deputy Commissioner, also known as District Magistrate. For administrative purposes, the districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are controlled by the sub-divisional magistrates. The sub-divisions are further divided into blocks. Blocks comprise panchayats that is the village councils and town municipalities. The law and order in the district is maintained by the Superintendent of Police.
The city of Shimla was the summer headquarters of preindependence British viceroys; it is now the state capital and, at an elevation of about 7,100 feet (2,200 metres), one of the largest and most popular mountain resorts in the country. Formerly a union territory, Himachal Pradesh became a state of India on January 25, 1971. Area 21,495 square miles (55,673 square km). Pop. (2011) 6,856,509.
February to June (Spring and Summer) is the best time to visit Himachal. Pleasant and most popular time to visit is the winters, i.e., between October and February when it’s the snowfall season.
Places with snowfall in India right now: Auli, Uttarakhand. Solang Valley, Himachal Pradesh.
The weather remained dry and cold in Himachal Pradesh today as Manali, Sundernagar, Bhuntar, Keylong and Kalpa shivered at sub zero temperatures. The coldest place in the state was Lahaul-Spiti’s administrative centre Keylong which settled at minus 13.8 degrees Celsius, Shimla MeT Centre Director Manmohan Singh said.
The Siwalik region has hot summers (March to June), with temperatures rising above 100 °F (38 °C), cool and dry winters (October to February), and a wet season (July to September), with rains brought by the southwestern monsoon. As elevations increase farther north, the climate becomes wetter and cooler. In the Great Himalayas, winters are bitterly cold and snowy, with temperatures dropping below 0 °F (–18 °C).
Despite its remote location, Himachal Pradesh has a reasonably well-developed infrastructure that not only has aided domestic mobility but also has helped in the promotion of tourism. Scenic narrow-gauge rail lines run from Kalka to Shimla and from Pathankot (in Punjab) to Jogindarnagar. There also is a railhead in Una. Roads, however, crisscrossing through the ranges and valleys, serve as the communications lifeline of Himachal Pradesh; the state operates many bus routes throughout the network. Regular domestic air service is available in Shimla and Kullu.
Himachal Pradesh is a major mass producer of apples. Kotgarh in Himachal Pradesh is known as the apple bowl of India.
Since the late 20th century, Himachal Pradesh has made great efforts to expand education. Consequently, there has been a remarkable rise in the number of primary, secondary, and postsecondary institutions and a corresponding increase in enrollment at all levels.